Trieste (Trst in Slovene and Serbo-Croatian) is a city and seaport in northeastern Italy. It is situated towards the end of a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia, which lies almost immediately south and east of the city. Trieste is located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste and throughout history it has been influenced by its location at the crossroads of Latin, Slavic, and Germaniccultures. In 2009, it had a population of about 205,000 and it is the capital of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia and the Province of Trieste.
Trieste was one of the oldest parts of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the 19th century, it was the most important port of one of the Great Powers of Europe. As a prosperous seaport in the Mediterranean region, Trieste became the fourth largest city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (afterVienna, Budapest, and Prague). In the fin-de-siecle period, it emerged as an important hub for literature and music. It underwent an economic revival during the 1930s, and Trieste was an important spot in the struggle between the Eastern and Western blocs after the Second World War.
Today, the city is in one of the richest regions of Italy, and has been a great centre for shipping, through its port (Port of Trieste), shipbuilding and financial services. In 2012 Lonely Planet.com listed the city of Trieste as the world's most underrated travel destination.
Places of interest:
- Piazza Unità d’Italia
The square was built in the period when the city was the most important seaport of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire and before 1919 was known as "Piazza Grande". It is often said to be Europe's largest square located next to the sea.
- Il Molo Audace
Molo Audace is a walkway extending about 200 metres out to sea. It is a magical place for a stroll and a breath of fresh air at any time of day and in any season, a place of enchanting autumnal sunsets, when the buildings on the shores are tinged with red. If you fancy a real challenge you can run to the wind-rose at its far end, and try to remain standing against the Bora winds of up to 100 km/h! The pier was built between 1743 and 1751 on the wreck of the San Carlo, a ship that sank in the harbour. Originally 95 metres long and connected to land by a small wooden bridge, the pier has been gradually lengthened and now measures 246 metres. In 1922 the pier was renamed Molo Audace in honour of the destroyer Audace, the first ship of the Italian Navy to arrive in Trieste, on November 3, 1918.
- Canal Grande
Canal Grande of Trieste, a navigable canal situated in the city centre, midway between the railway station and Piazza Unità d'Italia. It was carried out in 1754-1756 by Matteo Pirona from Venice in order to expand the navigable area of the city and allow easy loading/unloading of goods at canal-side warehouses. Here you can find also a statue of James Joyce (created by the Trieste sculptor Nino Spagnoli on the centenary of Joyce's arrival in Trieste) which was erected on the Ponte Rosso (one of its bridges) in 2004.
- Castello di Miramare
It is a castle surrounded by a flourishing park full of precious botanic species and with a charming panoramic view, thanks to its location on a cliff high above the sea. Commissioned in the second half of the 19th century by the Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Habsburg as a residence for himself and his wife, Charlotte of Belgium, the castle offers today's visitors an example of a luxurious aristocratic residence which has preserved its original furnishings.
- ...La Bora!
As you may know Trieste is famous for a strong and cold wind, called Bora. These days you could experience the strenght of this wind just going out for a walk around the city: trashbins are everywhere, scooters are on the floor, birds flies on reverse and people cannot help to walk normally. Bora could reach the speed of 188 km/h, even if experts thinks that it reached a higher speed, but its strenght broke the anemometer before it could register the exact speed. For foreign people this wind could be very scaring, but the true "triestino" will act as it is a normal day of winter, with a little bit of wind.
Discover the city! Enjoy Trieste in the gallery and in the timelapse:)